Discovering Turkmenistan: 10 Enchanting Places to Explore


Nestled in the heart of Central Asia, Turkmenistan is a country that beckons travelers with its unique blend of ancient history, rich culture, and stunning landscapes. From the expansive deserts to the awe-inspiring architectural marvels, Turkmenistan offers a tapestry of experiences for those seeking an off-the-beaten-path adventure. Here are 10 beautiful places to visit in Turkmenistan that will captivate your senses and leave you with lasting memories.

  1. Darvaza Gas Crater: The Door to Hell

Our journey begins at the Darvaza Gas Crater, a surreal and mesmerizing natural wonder often referred to as “The Door to Hell.” Located in the heart of the Karakum Desert, this massive fiery pit has been burning for decades. Originally a natural gas drilling site, it collapsed into a cavern, leading scientists to set it ablaze to prevent the spread of methane gas. The result is a perpetual flame that illuminates the desert night, creating an otherworldly spectacle.

  1. Ancient City of Merv: A UNESCO World Heritage Site

Step back in time as you explore the ancient city of Merv, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that served as a major oasis along the Silk Road. With its well-preserved ruins, including the imposing Sultan Sanjar Mausoleum and the elegant Kyz Kala fortress, Merv is a testament to the country’s rich history. The city’s strategic location made it a hub for trade, culture, and scholarship in the medieval Islamic world.

  1. Kow-Ata Underground Lake: A Subterranean Oasis

Escape the desert heat by visiting the Kow-Ata Underground Lake, a hidden gem located within a massive limestone cave. The lake’s warm, mineral-rich waters are said to have therapeutic properties, making it a popular destination for locals and tourists alike. Take a dip in this subterranean oasis and marvel at the unique experience of swimming beneath the earth’s surface.

  1. Nisa Archaeological Site: Ruins of the Parthian Empire

Delve into the ancient past at the Nisa Archaeological Site, the remnants of the capital of the Parthian Empire. The site features well-preserved fortresses, temples, and royal residences, providing a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of the Parthian rulers. Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Nisa offers a fascinating journey through Turkmenistan’s historical legacy.

  1. Yangykala Canyon: Nature’s Masterpiece

Embark on a scenic adventure to the Yangykala Canyon, a geological wonder that showcases nature’s artistic prowess. The canyon’s vibrant hues of red, orange, and yellow create a surreal landscape that seems to be painted by an unseen hand. As the sun sets, the canyon transforms into a canvas of ever-changing colors, offering a breathtaking panorama that leaves visitors in awe.

  1. Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque: A Modern Architectural Marvel

In the coastal city of Kipchak, the Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque stands as a testament to modern Turkmen architecture. Named after the country’s first president, Saparmurat Niyazov (Turkmenbashi), this grand mosque is adorned with exquisite turquoise domes and intricate tilework. The mosque’s serene surroundings and panoramic views of the Caspian Sea make it a must-visit destination for those seeking spiritual solace and architectural beauty.

  1. Gonur Depe: Unveiling Bronze Age Secrets

For history enthusiasts, Gonur Depe is a treasure trove of archaeological wonders. This ancient settlement dates back to the Bronze Age and offers insights into the sophisticated urban planning and advanced civilization that existed in Turkmenistan over 4,000 years ago. Explore the archaeological site and marvel at the intricately designed artifacts that tell the story of a bygone era.

  1. Ashgabat: The White Marble City

The capital city, Ashgabat, is a dazzling display of white marble architecture set against the backdrop of the Kopet Dag Mountains. Admire the opulent buildings, such as the Independence Monument and the Neutrality Arch, as you stroll through the meticulously landscaped parks and gardens. Ashgabat’s modern skyline seamlessly blends with the country’s cultural heritage, creating a unique urban experience.

  1. Dehistan: Echoes of the Silk Road

Explore the historical region of Dehistan, which once thrived as a vital junction on the Silk Road. The ancient cities of Kunya-Urgench, Dashoguz, and Erbent boast well-preserved mausoleums, mosques, and caravanserais that reflect the region’s cultural and architectural significance. Wander through the labyrinthine streets and imagine the bustling trade and cultural exchanges that occurred in this crossroads of civilizations.

  1. Balkanabat: Gateway to the West

Our journey concludes in Balkanabat, a city known for its strategic location as the western gateway to Turkmenistan. Surrounded by the Ustyurt Plateau and the Caspian Sea, Balkanabat offers a serene atmosphere and a chance to connect with nature. Visit the Yangi Kala canyons and the mystical Gozli Ata Mausoleum to experience the spiritual and natural beauty that defines this western oasis.


Turkmenistan, with its diverse landscapes and rich cultural heritage, invites travelers to embark on a journey of discovery. From the fiery depths of the Darvaza Gas Crater to the ancient allure of Merv and the modern marvels of Ashgabat, this Central Asian gem promises an unforgettable adventure for those willing to explore its hidden treasures. As Turkmenistan opens its doors to the world, these ten beautiful places stand as testaments to the country’s unique charm and timeless allure.